The Best Course of Action for Your Studies Abroad
Every year, hundreds of thousands of students travel abroad, and the number is steadily increasing. According to the Institute of International Education, 241,791 students studied abroad in 2006-07, an increase of 150% from 1996-97. That number may increase at an even faster rate because Congress is considering proposals that seek to increase the number of students studying abroad to 1,000,000 per year within the next decade.
If you are a student planning to study abroad, you should know that studying abroad has many benefits. But it also poses significant risks and challenges if you are unprepared. Risks range from incidents with only short-term ramifications such as missed flights and lost passports to more serious dangers such as assaults or exposure to diseases. All risks are not avoidable but you can take precautions to avoid these risks and prepare yourself to take the proper steps if you do face dangers while studying abroad. This article aims to provide you with a comprehensive list of online resources to better prepare you for your studies abroad.
Plan Ahead: Preparations Before Leaving
Although studying abroad is a fun and rewarding experience that students typically complete problem-free, preparation is necessary to minimize the risks, and simply to make the trip happen.
You must choose the program that is right for you. You should identify and diligently research the schools that offer the types of programs in the countries where you want to study. It is important to consider a number of factors, including the available courses, how the course credits will transfer to your American institution, the type of housing available, where the program’s location, the languages spoken, and the true costs of the program, including travel costs.
There are many options to assist you in financing your trip, such as government funding, financial aid, and scholarships. Millions of dollars in scholarships for international students go unused each year; there is a good chance that a scholarship may be available for the program that you are considering.
Before traveling, you should register with the nearest U.S. embassy or consulate. This will make your whereabouts known in the event of an emergency arises and family or friends need to contact you. You should also check the CDC website and obtain any necessary vaccinations before traveling abroad. These vaccinations can differ by country. They may also be extensive, especially when you travel in equatorial countries or in Africa. The CDC also advises students to obtain a stock of any necessary medications before they leave for their trip because procedures for obtaining and the availability of certain medications often differ drastically by country.
RESOURCES ON HOW TO PREPARE FOR YOUR STUDY ABROAD
- http://www.internationalscholarships.com/browse.php – International Scholarships – Contains instructions on how to obtain private scholarships to study abroad.
- http://www.studentsabroad.com/checklist.asp - Study Abroad Checklist – Lists resources to find a quality program, obtain financial aid, remember basic health and safety advice, and identify program risk factors and strategies to travel safely.
- http://www.globaled.us/safeti/151studentguide.html – University of the Pacific’s Cross Cultural Training Student Guide – Gives information about financial, health, and safety issues, including tips for securing valuables while traveling, ways to reduce risk of theft, and precautionary measures.
STATE DEPARTMENT RESOURCES ON TRAVEL PREPARATIONS
- http://www.travel.state.gov/travel/living/studying/studying_1238.html – US State Department Study Abroad Info – Lists the services provided by the state department, and suggestions on how to prepare for traveling abroad.
- http://www.studentsabroad.state.gov/ – US State Department General Travel Info – Contains advice on travel documents, embassy resources, and health and emergency information.
RESOURCES ON OBTAINING VACCINATIONS
- http://www.cdc.gov/Features/StudyAbroad/ – Center for Disease Control Health Tips – Offers health tips for students traveling abroad.
- http://wwwn.cdc.gov/travel/content/vaccinations.aspx – Center for Disease Control Vaccination Info – Identifies by country vaccinations needed to travel
Your Study Abroad Checklist
1. Find a program and register for classes.
2. Find financing by, among other things, contacting university financial aid offices and researching outside scholarship and fellowship opportunities.
3. Find housing.
4. Book your flights.
5. Investigate the health and safety offices for the program to ensure compliance with Center for Disease Control (“CDCï¿½ï¿½?) recommendations for vaccinations.
6. Ensure that friends and family at home have contact information for: the American consulate in the country where you are traveling, your program director in the United States, and your program director abroad.
7. Obtain a passport and visa. Make multiple copies of both documents, and give copies to your parents and keep extra copies with you while you are abroad.
8. Verify that you have proper medical insurance coverage. Research the necessary medical insurance information through your program, and ensure that you are covered by either university or private health insurance while abroad.
9. Familiarize yourself with basic laws of the country you are visiting, and research the legal process in that country.
10. Register yourself at the US embassy in your host country, and research the contact information with that embassy. Give this information to your family.
11. Research cellular phone and calling card options to make calls home and in the country you are visiting.
12. Learn the location of the closest hospital to your residence and school, and prepare for refills of any prescriptions you may need.
13. Get a complete physical
14. Research cultural attitudes abroad. Prepare for prevailing national sentiment toward Americans.
Know Where You’re Going: Travel Advisories
When traveling abroad, you should be aware of the potential health, safety, and security risks that you may face in other countries. Many websites, identified below, offer travel advisory resources. For example, in April of 2009, the U.S. State Department issued a warning for U.S. citizens traveling to Georgia because of possible armed conflict and violent political protests. Travelers were also cautioned to avoid the separatist regions of South Ossetia and Abkhazia, and to maintain contact with the U.S. embassy in Tbilisi.
Before studying abroad, you should also keep up to date on health advisories issued by national and international organizations. On June 3, 2009, the Center for Disease Control issued an alert regarding the expansion of yellow fever in Brazil. The CDC strongly recommended that travelers to the country get a yellow fever vaccine and take precautions to avoid mosquito bites.
Up-to-date security and health information can be found on the Center for Disease Control website, the State Department website, or the World Health Organization website. General research regarding the safety and history of a country can be found on the Central Intelligence Agency (“CIAï¿½ï¿½?) website. Some helpful resources include:
RESOURCES ON HEALTH ADVISORIES
- http://wwwn.cdc.gov/travel/destinations/list.aspx – CDC Health Advisories – Lists health advisories by country.
- http://travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/pa/pa_1766.html – Travel Alerts from the State Department – Provides short-term conditions that may make a country dangerous.
- http://www.who.int/countries/en/ – WHO Health Advisories – Gives country-by-country health information.
RESOURCES ON NATIONAL SAFETY INFORMATION
- http://travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/cis/cis_1765.html – Country Specific Information from the State Department – Includes embassy locations and more minor conditions of which travelers should be aware.
- http://travel.state.gov/travel/cis_pa_tw/tw/tw_1764.html – Travel Warnings from the State Department – Lists long-term protracted conditions that may make a country dangerous.
- https://www.cia.gov/library/publications/the-world-factbook/index.html – CIA World Factbook – Gives general country information compiled by the CIA.
Do the Paperwork: Passport and Visa Information
It’s important for you to be aware of important passport, visa and vaccination requirements before you travel, and to prepare yourself for the possibility of passport theft. These links should be helpful to procure visas and vaccinations, to locate the local United States embassy if a passport is stolen, the procedure required to obtain a new passport while abroad, and how to prevent passport theft from occurring. Make sure you always keep copies of your passport and visa, and never the originals, in your luggage.
RESOURCES ON HOW TO OBTAIN AND PROTECT YOUR TRAVEL DOCUMENTS
- http://www.usembassy.gov/ – Embassy Locations – Identifies all United States embassy websites, including their locations and contact information.
- http://travel.state.gov/law/info/info_623.html – Reporting Lost Passports – Provides the procedure for reporting lost or stolen passports.
- http://travel.state.gov/visa/temp/types/types_1268.html – Student Visa Requirements – Provides student visa requirements, procedures, and restrictions.
- http://www.independenttraveler.com/resources/article.cfm?AID=69&category=12 – Safeguarding Your Passport – Offers tips to safeguard your passport, how to plan to prevent passport theft, and how to accelerate the process for obtaining a new passport.
Prepare for the Worst: Emergency Precautions
While studying abroad can be an enriching experience, you should be aware that adverse situations may arise, especially in less-developed countries where access to health-care and emergency services is limited. In 2007, eight University of Washington students contracted malaria and dengue fever while studying in Ghana and had to be MedEvac-ed out of the country. Before leaving, you should create an emergency management plan, and should know the emergency proceedings and contact information for their specific school or program.
The state department website is helpful in finding physicians and hospitals in foreign countries in case of a medical emergency, while the state department recommends immediately requesting the assistance of the local American consulate in case of arrest.
The Office of American Citizen Services and Crisis Management, under the state department, can provide temporary financial assistance in case of unforeseen circumstances that occur while traveling. The following resources will be helpful in preparing for the various emergencies that can affect you while abroad:
RESOURCES ON HOW TO MANAGE EMERGENCIES ABROAD
- http://www.travel.state.gov/travel/tips/emergencies/emergencies_1212.html – Emergency Assistance for US Citizens Abroad – Offers State Department procedure for obtaining emergency assistance while abroad.
- http://www.globaled.us/peacecorps/crisis_h.html – Crisis Management Handbook – Provides advice from the Peace Corps on managing travel emergencies.
- http://www.umabroad.umn.edu/healthSafety/safetyPrecautions.html – Emergencies and Safety Precautions – Gives tips for emergency prevention.
- http://www.nafsa.org/knowledge_community_network.sec/education_abroad_1/developing_and_managing/practice_resources_36/guidelines_for_health – Preparing for an Emergency – Lists tips for parents, students, and travel coordinators to follow to protect student safety.
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