Mesothelioma Survival Rate Statistics
Mesothelioma is an aggressive cancer with no known cure. As a result, mesothelioma is almost always fatal. Unfortunately, survival rate statistics estimate that 75% of mesothelioma patients die within one year after diagnosis. Three years after diagnosis, the mesothelioma survival rate is estimated to be only 10%.
While mesothelioma survival rate statistics are grim, they are generally unreliable. To begin with, mesothelioma is rare, and as a result, very little data about the disease is available. In addition, most mesothelioma patients are diagnosed when the disease is already advanced. This makes it hard to estimate what the mesothelioma survival rate is for patients who obtain an early diagnosis.
Factors Effecting Survival Rate
Every mesothelioma case is unique and no statistic is the definitive factor in determining how long a particular mesothelioma patient will survive. Generally, the mesothelioma survival rate will depend on many factors including:
- The stage of mesothelioma
- The size of the tumor
- Whether the tumor can be removed completely by surgery
- The amount of fluid in the chest or abdomen
- The patient’s age and general health, including lung and heart health
- The type of mesothelioma cancer cells and how they look under a microscope
- Whether the mesothelioma has just been diagnosed or has returned
Mesothelioma Survival Rate at Cancer Treatment Centers
Cancer treatment centers that specialize in treating mesothelioma often have better survival rates than statistics report. For example, the five year mesothelioma survival rate is approaching 40% at Brigham and Women’s Center in Boston. However, this particular mesothelioma treatment program only accepts patients with early-stage mesothelioma. As a result, the mesothelioma survival rates from this program do not necessarily contradict the estimated overall survival rate.
On the other hand, findings from a mesothelioma study conducted at the Dana-Farber Cancer Institute in Boston illustrate that mesothelioma survival rate statistics are not set in stone. In that study, doctors followed 120 pleural mesothelioma patients from 1980 to 1995. These patients were all treated with surgery to remove the lung and pleura, followed by a combination of chemotherapy and radiotherapy, with or without immunotherapy. Two years after treatment, the survival rate was 54 out of the 120 patients (45%). After five years, the survival rate was 26 out of 120 patients (22%).
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